The fruit is technically
a pome (like and apple), not a berry. These small trees grow up to 25
feet tall and are very attractive, with plentiful white flowers blooming
in late April to early May, usually showing before the fine-textured leaves
fully develop. Juneberries have attractive gray bark, an upright branching
habit that becomes horizontal with age, and showy red fall foliage. Use
a dark background to emphasize these fine landscaping qualities.
The fruits are ¼ to 3/8 inch in diameter, and fleshy red, turning purplish-blue
to black. They are juicy with a mild flavor, ripening in late June. Birds
are fond of Juneberries. Native Americans and early settlers gathered
them and dried them for winter use. Juneberries are commonly used in pies
and preserves, and lemon enhances their flavor.
Most Juneberries are hardy in Zones 3 to 9 (some are hardy as cold as
Zone 2), and grow well throughout most of New York. They prefer full sun
and acidic, moist, well-drained soil, but will tolerate shade and a wide
range of soil types.
Naturalistic sites are ideal for Juneberries. They are difficult to train
to a single stem. You can remove suckers to train to a single stemmed
small tree or leave them for a multi-stemmed shrubby effect. Otherwise,
they require little or no pruning.
'Shannon' and 'Indian' are very productive cultivars with larger fruit.
'Smoky' and 'Pembina' have the best flavor. 'Success' and 'Dwarf Mountain'
are common older cultivars.
Red spider mites are an occasional pest problem
on dry sites, and Juneberries are susceptible to common apple pests.
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